Canada is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic country with the Population
of about 31 million and the second largest country by land. There
are ten provinces and three territories in Canada with capital city
'Ottawa'. Canada is asking for 300,000 Immigrants from around the
World every year to fulfill its population and skilled labor gap.
According the Government Statistics, 221,352 immigrants were entered
to Canada in 2003 and 235,808 were in 2004. The Government has not
yet fulfilled the annual immigration quotas from few years. Same
as, in 2004, 36,410 Chinese, 25,568 Indians, 13,299 Philippines
and 12,796 Pakistanis were immigrated to Canada. There are approximately
3,500 Nepalese immigrants in Canada. The major cities of Nepalese
inhabitants are Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal, Ottawa, Edmonton,
Entering to Canada
People may enter to Canada in various ways other than
immigrants. The ways are as follows:
1. Immigrant Visa - The persons, who are eligible for immigration
to Canada under Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA)
of Canada, may able to obtain Immigrant Visa.
2. Work Permits - The qualified and skilled worker hired by the
Canadian Company may apply for Work Permit in Canada. Such person
may apply for permanent residence in Canada from inside Canada.
3. Study Permits - The students who are admitted at the Canadian
Universities and Colleges may apply for Study Permits.
4. Visitor Visas - The Visitors for pleasure, business, attending
seminar and conferences, etc. may enter to Canada as a Visitor.
Immigration to Canada
There is various ways of getting settled in Canada as a Permanent
Resident. The ways are as follows:
1. Skilled Worker Category - Immigrants are selected under six
factors - education, work experience, age, language proficiency,
job offer and adaptability, in this category. Those who hold at
least Bachelors Degree, four or more years of work experience,
below 49 years and have good English/French language proficiency
are likely to be eligible for migration under this category.
2. Business Category - The Investors who want to invest at least
$ 400,000 in Canadian Companies, the Entrepreneurs able to establish
business in Canada, and the self-employed persons like Artists,
Athletes and Farmers may be able to immigrate under this Category.
3. Quebec Immigration - The Provincial Government of Quebec is
responsible for selection of immigrants willing to settle in their
province. The Provincial Government has its own rules and regulations
to select immigrants. Such Immigrants must first get approval
from the Quebec Immigration Office and go through medical and
security clearance of Canadian Embassy or Visa Office to obtain
Canadian PR Visa.
4. Provincial Nomination - Various provincial governments in Canada
have their own criteria to select immigrants of particular types
of skilled workers and businesspersons to settle at their provinces.
The immigrants who are eligible under provincial rules may apply
for Provincial Nominee Certificate at the Provincial Government
Office, and then may get the Permanent Resident Visa from the
Canadian Embassy or Visa Office.
5. Sponsorship - The Permanent Residents and Citizens in Canada
may sponsor their spouse, dependent children, parents and grandparents,
brothers and sisters, etc. to settle in Canada as permanent residents.
The sponsored person and his/her family members may get permanent
residence status in Canada if their sponsor sponsored them and
such sponsorship is approved by the Canadian Government.
6. Refugees and Protected Persons - People who reach to Canada
in various ways other than permanent residence status may apply
for Refugee status in Canada. Canada is the signatory of "1951
Geneva Convention for status of Refugees and stateless persons"
and so it is responsible for selecting refugees and settling them
in their land. The Refugees may apply for refugee status in Canada
or be sponsored for settlement from outside.